Laser refractive surgery
High dioptry– Phakic IOL, ICL
Presbiopia – age related farsightedness

SPECIAL HOSPITAL SVETI VID introduced to these regions REFRACTIVE SURGERY. This includes laser and surgical procedures for correcting refractive errors.


Refractive procedures are performed by Prof. Dr Pavel Rozsival, renowned member of topmost European and world ophthalmological associations. From the leading authorities in ophthalmology, he is claimed for one of the most meritorious people in ophthalmology of the XX and XXI centuries. Owing to him, with adequate facilities and equipment along with education of professionals, we introduced refractive surgery and developed it to the highest level, with the outstanding results already many times presented in the world and awarded in international ophthalmological congresses.

Prof. Dr Arpad Bereczki, vitreoretinal surgery, as well as laser procedures and refractive lens surgery.

Pediatric laser procedures are performed by Prof. Dr Rudolf Autrata, one of the leading european and world pediatric ophthalmologists. He has been awarded with highest awards for contribution to development of pediatric ophthalmology. During his long-lasting and rich practice, he achieved a very significant results in improving the vision development in pre-school children, using refractive laser in special indications in amblyogenic refractive errors in young. This way, the amblyopia was decreased significantly.

Sveti Vid became well known address among world pediatric hospitals where high quality pediatric surgery is performed.

Among the patients with refractive errors, almost 1/3 has high dioptry.

This ‘’unhappy’’ people hardly can help themselves with glasses. With high level of astigmatism, it is almost obvious that this conventional correction will not give good visual acuity and real picture. Unlimited visual field will be something that they will live with.

Without their glasses or contacts, these people can see only on few centimeters or half a meter, that means they are deeply dependent on glasses or contact lenses, with highly limited visual function, even with these aids.

Excimer laser in very high myopia, sometimes is not possible. It is limited by the height of dioptry and corneal thickness, therefore, lens surgery is the optimal solution.

In young patients, with accommodation present, the high refractive error will be corrected by phakic IOL implantation. That means the natural lens will not be changed, and therefore, will serve in action of accommodation. In older patients, with already lost accommodation, clear lens exchange (CLE) with artificial intraocular lens is the option.

Each of refractive procedures, laser or surgical, has its own specific requirements. To find the best and safest solution, for each patient, it is necessary to have extremely high experience and acknowledgement. Only with these principles, the outcomes of refractive procedures are outstanding. That is why thousands of people have changed their ‘’unhappiness’’ and started completely new lives. This is a surgical implantation of special intraocular lenses that can cover the high dioptric range.

The natural human lens, which lays behind the iris, stays untouched. That is why the accommodation (near vision) is preserved. The new-implanted lens will correct far vision. Refractive Phakic IOLs are used for high myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism (Phakic Toric) correction. Before decision about appropriate phakic IOL, it is necessary to do complete examination. The lens will be chosen for each patient individually. They are very well-tolerated, with quick adaptation and postoperative recovery.

There are two types of this implant:

STANDARD – lens is implanted in anterior chamber, fixed for iris, anteriorly (anteropupilar-in front of the pupil). Proper anterior chamber debth is needed as suggested depending on the power of the lens (not allowed for shallow anterior chamber).
It is not recommended to those who are at risk of injuries (e.g. sport players).

NEW, contemporary – lens is also fixed for iris, but on the back (retropupilar-behind the pupil), it gives better comfort to the patient, regarding reduced physical activities (ICL – implantable collamer lens).
It is popularly called ”implantable contact lens”.

Our results, after many years of doing these procedures, show better visual acuity, postoperatively, in comparison with best spectacle corrected before the surgery. The similar results are published from other world’s clinics, as well.

There is no sense speaking about high level of refractive surgery without great experience, long-lasting positive results, surgical skills and refined, precise and safe surgical techniques, and of course, the right choice for each patient’s eye. In the cases of high myopia, before any treatment, it is extremely important to completely check the fundus, complete periphery and macula, because in high myopia, there is a great possibility of changing in posterior pole, and risk of retinal detachment, for the whole life.

That is why it is important to prevent these situations, by early treatment, if discovered (laser photocoagulation of potential retinal ruptures, or early scleroplasty), before planning refractive surgery.

In older people, when the natural lens has already lost accommodation, the recommendation is lens exchange surgery. In local anesthesia in operative procedure -phacoemulsification, lasting only 5-6 minutes, the natural, biological lens will be exchanged for optimally chosen artificial intraocular lens for refractive error correction.

By choosing appropriate intraocular lens, it is achievable to correct even high values of preoperative astigmatism.

This is one of the aging problems of the eye that each of us will face – the moment when the need for reading glasses arises. Near vision is decreasing, the need for bright light is stronger. At the beginning, longer time focusing on reading text is needed to achieve sharper picture, and thereafter moving the book forward.

That is why presbyopia has the other name – age related farsightedness, since the distance vision remains the same, but near vision decreases, due to loss of accommodation. In younger age, however, the lens is ’’adjustable’’ to all of distances by changing its shape and refractive power in that way. That is accommodation.

The most common aid are glasses for near, for reading. However, nowadays ophthalmology offers other possibilities, more satisfactory and more comfortable than reading glasses.

If you have been wearing distance glasses for entire life, and now at certain age, you additionally need reading glasses, that becomes twofold burden. That is why refractive surgery with multifocal (trifocal, EDOF) intraocular lenses implantation is the optimal option for this age.

BIOPTIC presents a combination of applied methods for solving complex refractive problem. It comprises the lens surgery and corneal procedure (lens + corneal surgery).

Most often it is used in cases of rare combined eye refractive problems, when dioptrical problem surpasses the range of available lens values so it has to be combined with corneal procedures.

For example, lens exchange surgery or implantation of phakic implant + laser correction of residual dioptry. It can be used even in presbyopic correction, after implantation of multifocal implants by application of laser for correction of existing astigmatism.